Glaucoma affects more than 60 million folks worldwide and the next leading cause of blindness behind cataracts. Both marijuana and THC have been confirmed to lower intra-ocular pressure, which is a vital contributor to glaucoma. One of several most well known uses for medical marijuana is
One of the most frequent type of glaucoma is called primary open angle glaucoma and symbolizes a gradually progressive disorder that destroys cells in the retina and also degrades the optic nerve. A individuals visual field gets constricted and eventually disappears. The person becomes blind.
Three factors have been identified that create risk factors for glaucoma. The first 2 are out of a person’s control = Race and Age. The last, increased intra-ocular pressure, is the one that’s potentially controllable.
Intra-ocular pressure normally results from the eye contour being taken care of by material in the eye known as aqueous humor. The fluid moves between the face of the eye and also the back belonging to the cornea. If a person has increased intraocular pressure, the flow of fluid from the front side of the eye is restricted, therefore the pressure rises. It’s the fluid that is suspected to provide nutrients to the optic nerve.
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Reducing intra-ocular pressure to usual doesn’t guarantee glaucoma prevention, but since it’s the one controllable risk factor, it is the one that is worked on with medications.
The 2 strategies medications work on reducing intraocular pressure are as follows:
1) Reducing the generation of aqueous fluid 2) Rendering it much easier for the liquid to course from the front eye
There are additionally a number of medical options which in turn try to achieve similar aim.
A number of scientific studies have shown the effects of THC and marijuana on reducing intraocular pressure. Whether the THC is smoked, inhaled, or eaten, intraocular strain is minimized. Applying cannabinoids straight away to the eye didn’t do the job however.
Research hasn’t shown us precisely how cannabinoids reduce IOP. They have reducing IOP for aproximatelly four hours. That means needing to take it 4 to eight times per day, whereas, you can find additional drugs just necessary twice per day.
The side effects of marijuana ingestion, like the psychoactive effects, might be tough for the aged to tolerate. Marijuana might cause the center to “race” and make patients anxious. The IOP in individuals with glaucoma must be handled continually since it’s a progressive disease.
With the arrival of the latest medications which work well for controlling the IOP in glaucoma, marijuana is not a 1st line therapy for curbing it. It is less effective as well as potentially much more problematic compared to the newest medicinal drugs. If, nonetheless, a patient needs a second or third line choice, marijuana may fit the need nicely.